Pierre Laporte, né le 25 février 1921 à Montréal et retrouvé mort le 17 octobre 1970, est un avocat, journaliste et homme politique québécois. “The killing of a senior provincial minister was just so, so unbelievably negative for the province,” he said in a phone interview. Search terms must be at least 3 characters in length, Bright Lights, Political Fights: The Canadian Film Industry, Front Row Centre: The Toronto International Film Festival, Prairie Visionaries: Guy Maddin and the Winnipeg Film Group, Beyond Green Gables: The Life of Lucy Maud Montgomery, Canada Reads: Authors, Advocates and Awards, Margaret Laurence: Canada's Divine Writer, Canada Tunes In: The Early Years of Radio and TV, Bringing the World Home: International Correspondents, Child’s Play: Popular CBC Children’s Show Hosts, David Suzuki: Scientist, Activist, Broadcaster, Marshall McLuhan, the Man and his Message, Radio Canada International: Canada's Voice to the World, Ruling the Airwaves: The CRTC and Canadian Content, Banding Together: Singing Out for Disaster Relief, Maple Twang: Saluting Canadian Country Music, The Rolling Stones: Canada Gets Satisfaction, Pierre Berton: Canadian Icon and Iconoclast, The Stratford Festival: The First 50 Years, Michel Tremblay: L'enfant Terrible of Canadian Theatre, The Group of Seven: Painters in the Wilderness, The Comics in Canada: An Illustrated History, Genetically Modified Food: A Growing Debate, Pelts, Pups and Protest: The Atlantic Seal Hunt, Selling Suds: The Beer Industry in Canada, Stranger than Fiction: The Bre-X Gold Scandal, Tim Hortons: Coffee, Crullers and Canadiana, On the Dole: Employment Insurance in Canada, The 'Great Northeastern Blackout' of 1965, Sewing Seeds: Clothing Workers Fight For Better Conditions, Clearcutting and Logging: The War of the Woods, Fished Out: The Rise and Fall of the Cod Fishery, The Stock Market: Bulls, Bears, Booms and Busts, Concentration to Convergence: Media Ownership in Canada, At Loggerheads: The Canada-U.S. In a recent opinion piece in La Presse, Laporte’s niece and nephew criticized what they said was a lingering “adhesion of certain Quebec nationalists to the actions of the felquistes,” calling it “an apology for terror.”. It did agree to broadcasting the FLQ Manifesto on Radio-Canada, and guaranteeing the kidnappers safe passage anywhere in the world. But we had to face it.”, Until Laporte’s body was found, Lalonde said, Trudeau and other members of the federal government had still believed they would be able to negotiate with the FLQ, which Lalonde refers to as an “ultra-nationalist group.”, Read more: Peter Daniel of CBC News reads a translation of a long letter from Pierre Laporte addressed to the Premier of…, Yesterday, kidnappers with machine guns pulled up to Quebec Labour Minister Pierre Laporte's home and shoved him into the backseat…. Timeline: Notable dates in Canada’s history. Rose’s son, Felix Rose, released a documentary about the family over the summer, born out of what he said was his attempt to reconcile how the “gentle” father he knew could have been involved in a man’s death. By this date, police have conducted 1,628 raids under the War Measures Act. The FLQ members responsible for the kidnapping have never discussed the details, but later admitted and accepted their responsibility for the death of Pierre Laporte. The page you are looking at will not be updated. The above picture of the body of Quebec labour minister Pierre Laporte in the trunk of a car was one which shocked the normally-aplomb nation to its core. For a brief moment, the FLQ’s strategy seemed to be working. Read more: • Laporte was chosen because he signified the Liberal Party's right-wing ideals. • The Quebec government refused to accede to all FLQ demands. • The FLQ Manifesto called for Quebec's non-democratic separation from Canada, brought about by acts of terror. Three principal stages can be identified in the federal aggression of 1970. In his film, “Les Rose,” he explores his father and uncle’s upbringing in a poor suburb of Montreal, at a time when men were expected to work in “miserable” conditions in factories where they had few educational opportunities and were humiliated for speaking French. everything else,” Lise and Claude Laporte wrote in the Oct. 5 article. doctor working in COVID-19 ward, Trump has been told to wait on vaccination — here’s why. The kidnappers murdered Laporte and negotiations led to Cross's release. CBC Archives has a new look: Please go to cbc.ca/archives to access the new site. Please read our Commenting Policy first. Life in Postwar Canada, A Passion for Paddling: Canoeing in Canada, Sun, Swimming and S'mores: Summer Camp in Canada, Kid Lit: Morningside Children's Book Panels, The October Crisis: Civil Liberties Suspended, Fumbles and Stumbles: Great Election Gaffes, Leaders' Debates 1968-2011: Arguing for Canada, Outside Looking In: Small Parties in Federal Politics, Addressing the Nation: Prime Ministers of Canada, Scandals, Boondoggles and White Elephants, Separation Anxiety: The 1995 Quebec Referendum, Their Excellencies: Canada's Governors General Since 1952, À la prochaine fois: The 1980 Quebec Referendum, Swearing In: U.S. Presidential Inaugurations, Nelson Mandela: Prisoner, President, Peacemaker, Making the Mosaic: Multiculturalism in Canada, Phil Fontaine: Native Diplomat and Dealmaker, Jean Chrétien: From Pool Hall to Parliament Hill, Lester B. Pearson: From Peacemaker to Prime Minister, Pierre Elliott Trudeau: Philosopher and Prime Minister, Sir John A. Macdonald: Architect of Modern Canada, The Long Run: The Political Rise of John Turner, Trudeaumania: A Swinger for Prime Minister, Electing Dynasties: Alberta Campaigns Since 1935, Friendly Rivalries: Manitoba Elections Since 1966. Quebec’s “national question,” as he calls it, still lingers, despite two referendums in 1980 and 1995. . Soldiers carrying machine guns raid homes of suspected FLQ members. The Journal recaps the crisis and examines what it meant for Quebec nationalism. Related Stories Quebec politician drops plan for tribute to late FLQ member. “In history, we can’t predict,” he said. The October Crisis (French: Crise d'Octobre) occurred in October 1970 in the province of Quebec in Canada, mainly in the Montreal metropolitan area. How are other candidates progressing? Connects, The St. Lawrence Seaway: Gateway to the World, Turning Up the Heat: Four Decades of Climate Change, Deadly Skies: Canada's Most Destructive Tornadoes, Devastating Dry Spells: Drought on the Prairies, Mercury Rising: The Poisoning of Grassy Narrows, The Sinking and Raising of the Irving Whale, Troubled Waters: Pollution in the Great Lakes, Tuberculosis: Old Disease, Continuing Threat, Cancer Research: The Canadian Quest for a Cure, Butting Out: The Slow Death of Smoking in Canada, Thalidomide: Bitter Pills, Broken Promises, The Krever Report: Canada's Tainted Blood Disaster, Dr. Henry Morgentaler: Fighting Canada's Abortion Laws, Getting Physical: Canada's Fitness Movement, A Woman's Place: Programming for the Modern Homemaker, Welcome Home, Soldier! Liberal Justice Minister John Turner defends Trudeau's contentious War Measures Act. Softwood Lumber Dispute, Breaking the Ice: Canada and the Northwest Passage, The Confederation Bridge: P.E.I. Faced with this refusal, the Chénier cell kidnapped the Minister of “Unemployment and Assimilation of Quebecers”, Pierre Laporte. But it refused to free FLQ prisoners. Rose said that while he doesn’t condone the actions of his father and uncle, he understands better why FLQ members would turn to violence, especially when faced with political and police repression, including a ban on protesting. Robert Lemieux discusses urgency of crisis on day of first kidnapping. October 16 at 4:00 a.m.: The War Measures Act goes into effect. “It’s hard for a young person today to imagine there was a time when a lot of young people, a lot of publications, believed a revolution was possible in North America,” Comeau said in a phone interview. Two FLQ members -- Paul Rose and Francis Simard -- were eventually convicted of murder in Laporte’s death and sentenced to life behind bars, although they were released in 1982. Read more: Want to discuss? An English Canadian caller to CBC Radio's Double Take thinks francophones are a fairly privileged bunch. Comeau says Laporte, as a progressive Quebec politician and a former journalist, should never have been a target, but at the time he felt it was part of the revolution. Laporte's death would mark the beginning of the end of the FLQ as sympathy abruptly shifted away from the group. ”It always happens in a way you can’t imagine, and never at the time you think.”. Another mutated coronavirus strain has been found in the U.K. Germany appeals for 2 Michaels’ release at final UN meeting, China says ‘good riddance’, Edmonton-area family with sick child devastated by Christmas layoff, Researchers observe Red Sea octopuses ‘punching’ fish that compete for food, Coronavirus: Toronto sex shop owner refuses to shut doors, claims store is essential, Coronavirus: Canada’s top doctor says country remains on trajectory for ‘even stronger’ COVID-19 resurgence in coming months, Approximately 150 Calgary Transit buses stuck after winter storm, Health Canada approves Moderna’s COVID-19 vaccine, Timeline: Notable dates in Canada’s history, A brief list of terror plots involving Canada, Quebec politician drops plan for tribute to late FLQ member, Paul Rose, prominent figure in Quebec history and October crisis, has died. Two FLQ members — Paul Rose and Francis Simard — were eventually convicted of murder in Laporte’s death and sentenced to life behind bars, although they were released in 1982. “Pierre Laporte was an important figure in our history and there is no doubt that the people who kidnapped him did not know his importance,” says former felquiste Robert Comeau. Pierre Laporte's body is taken from the trunk of 1968 Chevrolet on Oct. 18, 1970. While Lalonde describes the October Crisis as a “tragedy for Quebec,” he believes some positive elements came from it. Canada has approved 2 coronavirus vaccines. Quebec Labour Minister Pierre Laporte has been found strangled. “We fear that once again, we will ignore what Pierre Laporte was, his path as a man, his accomplishments as a journalist and politician, to present only . In broad daylight, kidnappers with machine guns pull up to Quebec immigration and labour minister Pierre Laporte's front lawn in Saint-Lambert. 1970: FLQ kidnaps Pierre Laporte The Story In broad daylight, kidnappers with machine guns pull up to Quebec immigration and labour minister Pierre Laporte's front lawn in Saint-Lambert. “As of the death of Pierre Laporte, the sympathy was completely dropped. While he’s glad the incident proved that Canadians have little tolerance for political violence, Comeau says some of the issues raised during the crisis remain unresolved. L’enlèvement du ministre Pierre Laporte par le Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) en 1970 a été un tournant décisif dans la crise d’Octobre; sa mort, le paroxysme. Ten years later, this CBC Radio clip reveals that Laporte was murdered, probably accidentally strangled, a week later. . Members of the Front de Libération du Quebec (FLQ) kidnapped the cabinet member Pierre Laporte and the British Trade Commissioner James Cross. ‘A tragedy for Quebec’: Pierre Laporte’s death remembered 50 years later, Je Me Souviens is marking the 50th anniversary of the October Crisis with a virtual exhibition told from a soldier’s perspective. French Canadian nationalists from the FLQ (the Front de libération du Québec) had abducted British diplomat James Cross five days earlier, and now a Quebec minister. “When the government doesn’t respect youth, when it takes away an outstretched hand, when it stops them from demonstrating, it creates outbursts,” he said in an interview. After the FLQ manifesto was broadcast in October 1970, Québecers felt uplifted. From 1963 to 1970, the FLQ claimed responsibility for more than 85 bombs, killing six people. The prime minister explains why he thinks military rule is necessary during the October Crisis. He was also motivated by a sense of anger over the economic discrimination against francophone Quebecers, whom he saw as a nation needing to break free from colonial rule. His body was discovered in the trunk of a car tonight. On October 10, Quebec Justice Minister Jérôme Choquette announced that he refused to accede to the requests of the Liberation cell. A francophone caller to CBC Radio's Double Take is frustrated with English Canada. Elections: Liberal Landslides and Tory Tides, Showdown on the Prairies: A History of Saskatchewan Elections, Territorial Battles: Yukon Elections, 1978-2006, The 'Other Revolution': Louis Robichaud's New Brunswick, Equality First: The Royal Commission on the Status of Women, Pot and Politics: Canada and the Marijuana Debate, Sue Rodriguez and the Right-To-Die Debate, Trudeau's Omnibus Bill: Challenging Canadian Taboos, Voting in Canada: How a Privilege Became a Right. The FLQ's message has made its way across the country. The act was put into effect following the kidnapping of British diplomat James Cross and Quebec labour minister Pierre Laporte by the FLQ. Get a roundup of the most important and intriguing national stories delivered to your inbox every weekday. Wife of British diplomat emotionally discusses her husband's kidnapping. Elections, 1952-2005, N.B. It expressed many of their concerns. That changed after Pierre Laporte was found dead in … Armed kidnappers force British Trade Commissioner James Cross into a taxi as he leaves his Montreal home for work. He has read the accounts of Laporte’s family and long ago stopped believing in violent acts as a means to an end. (CP PHOTO/Peter Bregg) 1970. At age 91, Marc Lalonde still remembers the shock he felt on Oct. 17, 1970 when Pierre Laporte’s body was discovered in the trunk of a car at an airport south of Montreal, a week after he had been kidnapped by a cell of the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ). Read more: The body of Pierre Laporte, with Premier and Mrs. Robert Bourassa kneeling before it, lies in state Monday, Oct. 20, 1970 in the Montreal courthouse, attended by … Elections: Colourful Characters, Pivotal Points, Northwest Territories: Voting in Canada's North, P.E.I. “It was a very, very depressing time. Both he and Comeau say Laporte’s death instantly ended any support for the FLQ, which disbanded almost immediately afterwards, and there have not been any political kidnappings since. Canada could see ‘grotesque’ spike in coronavirus cases after holidays: expert, ‘Matter of great concern’: Scientists find microplastics in human placenta for 1st time. Canada's Constitutional Debate: What Makes a Nation? While he doubts young Quebecers will resort to bombs and kidnappings, he says it’s impossible to say another crisis could never happen. Armés de fusils, les membres du FLQ s’arrêtent au domicile de Pierre Laporte, sur la rive sud de Montréal, et le forcent à monter sur la banquette arrière de leur voiture. A famed reporter and parliamentary correspondent for the newspaper Le Devoir from 1945 to '61, he was one of Quebec Premier Maurice Duplessis' fiercest opponents, writing a book, The True Face of Duplessis. The Changing Face of Daycare in Canada, Chinese Immigration to Canada: A Tale of Perseverance, Africville: Expropriating Black Nova Scotians, The Miracle on Mount Royal: St. Joseph's Oratory, Their Christian Duty: Canadian Missionaries Abroad, Their Majesties in Canada: The 1939 Royal Tour, Modern-day Fairy Tales: British Royal Weddings Since 1947, Still Standing: The People's Champion George Chuvalo, Going for Dope: Canada and Drugs in Sport, Extreme Sports: Faster, Riskier, More Outrageous, Terry Fox 25: Reliving the Marathon of Hope, The Legendary #9: Maurice 'Rocket' Richard, Don Cherry: A Coach, A Commentator, A Controversy, Fair Game: Pioneering Canadian Women in Sports, Golden Summers: Canada's Gold Medal Athletes 1984-2000, Playing to Win: Canada at the Paralympics, Cold Gold: Canada's Winter Winners 1984-2002, The Montreal Olympics: The Summer Games of '76, Gilles Villeneuve: Racing at the Speed of Light, Flying on Ice: Canada's Speedskating Greats, Soaring on Skis: Canada's Alpine Skiing Greats, The Crazy Canucks: Canada's Skiing Heroes, Cross Country Smackdown: Pro Wrestling in Canada, Cold War Culture: The Nuclear Fear of the 1950s and 1960s, One For All: The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Royal 22nd Regiment: Canada's Fighting 'Van Doos', Forgotten Heroes: Canada and the Korean War, Dr. Gerald Bull: Scientist, Weapons Maker, Dreamer, Peacekeepers and Peacemakers: Canada's Diplomatic Contribution, Witness To Evil: Roméo Dallaire and Rwanda, Countdown to Victory: The Last Days of War in Europe, On Every Front: Canadian Women in the Second World War, Relocation to Redress: The Internment of the Japanese Canadians. Marina Smyth explains – Oct 15, 2020, Don’t break the rules during Christmas, pleads B.C. Read more: Comeau does not believe there is any attempt to justify the actions of the perpetrators. The FLQ, a terrorist organization founded in the early 1960’s, was a paramilitary faction of the Quebec sovereignty movement that conducted over 160 violent attacks between 1963 and 1970. The film focuses on the family of Paul and Jacques Rose, two members of the Front de Liberation du Quebec convicted for the kidnapping and murder of then-Quebec Labour Minister Pierre Laporte, in 1970. Il est député de Chambly de 1961 à 1970 et occupe durant ses mandats, différentes fonctions ministérielles au sein des gouvernements Lesage et Bourassa. Fact file: What is Bill 101? Entrevue avec le fils de Pierre Laporte « Quand mon père est mort, les gouvernements ont gagné et le FLQ a perdu » La famille de Pierre Laporte, depuis 50 ans, a choisi la discrétion. Pierre Laporte’s funeral is held at Montreal’s Notre-Dame Basilica. Fifty years later, the events of the 1970 October Crisis, including the abductions of Laporte and British diplomat James Cross and the federal government’s decision to suspend civil liberties by invoking the War Measures Act, remain a dark period in the country’s history, with repercussions still being felt today. Paul Rose, during an interview while serving time in prison for the murder of Pierre Laporte – October crisis / FLQ. L’élément déclencheur de cette crise fut l’enlèvement d’un chargé d’affaires anglais par le FLQ, James Richard Cross et puis l'enlèvement de Pierre Laporte, alors ministre du Travail dans le gouvernement Robert Bourassa, et qui est assassiné . He said his main role in the FLQ was providing material support and, eventually, writing press releases to be distributed to the media. Paul Rose, leader of the FLQ's Chenier cell, which kidnapped Quebec Labour Minister Pierre Laporte In 1970, the FLQ numbered some 35 people, loosely organized and divided on priorities.